𝗥𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗼𝗶𝗱𝘀 is an umbrella term used for products that contain a derivative of Retinoic acid- otherwise known as 𝗩𝗶𝘁𝗮𝗺𝗶𝗻 𝗔. Retinoids are one of the most widely researched ingredients and clinically proven to;Improve skin texture
Reduce oil production & inflammation thereby one of the NICE guideline approved treatments for acne (tretinoin)
Reverse sun damage & normalise pigment producing cells
Increase collagen density
Increase cell turnover
There are many products on the market that state they contain retinol, however, anything less than 0.5% retinol does not reach the threshold to activate cell change as retinoid must covert to retinoic acid to act on the skin cells.
The weakest retinoid is 𝗿𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗻𝘆𝗹 𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗿𝘀- found in many High Street Products. They are also mixed with things like squalane to buffer& reduce absorption of the product to limit side effects but this limits its efficacy. So you can have it in your creams but if it isn’t converted to retinoic acid- it is not useful.
The forms that are effective are;
R𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗼𝗹- which undergoes 3 conversions to Retinoic acid. A good starting point when first adding into your skincare regime,
R𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗮𝗹𝗱𝗲𝗵𝘆𝗱𝗲- only one conversion to Retinoic acid.
T𝗿𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗼𝗶𝗻- The strongest form of retinoic acid, acts quickly on the skin and it comes in 3 strengths depending on skin type and goal. This is only available on prescription.
Side effects of retinoids include: redness, peeling, itchy skin. These settle once tolerance is reached.
You do not have to experience peeling to have effective cellular improvement & best results are after 6-12 months.
Please contact Advanced Aesthetics Nurse Practitioner Mandip, who can advise on the best form for your skin needs & direct your dosage carefully.